Doubts About Impurity

Doubts About Impurity

12th July 2022

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: I am very confused and worried about the purity of my house from impurities due to my child who is 3 years old. She sometimes leaks her pamper in the middle of the night and when I change her trouser, her feet get touched by the wet trouser. Also, when she wakes up in the morning, she walks with those feet that are dry from urine. Sometimes the floor is slightly moist because the air conditioner is on. Secondly, while I change her diaper, my hand touches her diaper (sometimes the urine) and also her legs with those wet hands, and when I make her sit on the toilet to wash her and she gets up, the water trickles to her legs (where i touch while changing the diaper and the urine gets transferred abit) and that water moves to the floor, making the floor unpure. At this moment I don’t see any traces of urine in the house (no smell or colour), maybe it has dried up or something. I don’t understand whether these are waswasah or genuine concerns. Kindly help me in this matter and if I have to purify the house then how.

 

الجواب حامداً و مصلياً

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer

In reference to your detailed query, as a general rule when a smell, colour or stain are not present then the impurity does not remain. If you cannot see any signs of impurity then the areas will still be treated as clean and washing won’t be necessary. It is only necessary to clean once you see any physical signs of impurity in which case it becomes necessary to remove the smell and stain. However, in cases where one can see the physical impurity and an individual has tried to remove the remaining najasat with utmost effort but not able to do so, for instance not being able to remove the smell or stain remains then it will be forgiven. [1]

With regards to dried up urine, it is essential that you wash the area which urine has fallen on.[2] There is no need to purify the entire house when the urine has not touched any other surface. Waswasas – misgivings – regarding impurity and purity can constantly allow a person to assume in matters. It is important to firmly fix a ruling on the matter e.g. this is clean/ impure based on apparent indications, deal with it and then move on without dwelling any further.

 

 

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

 

 

Written by:  Muftiya Gul-e-Maryam         Reviewed by: Mufti Abdul Waheed

Attested by: Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam

JKN Fatawa Department

 

 

[1] Muheet Al Burhani, Kitab Tahara, vol 1, pg 195-196

يجب أن تعلم أن إزالة النجاسة واجبة، قال الله تعالى: {والرجز فاهجر} (المدثر: 5) وقال تعالى: {وثيابك فطهر} (المدثر: 4) وإزالتها إن كانت مرئية بإزالة عينها وأثرها إن كانت شيئاً يزول أثرها ولا يعتبر فيه العدد، وإن كان شيئاً لا يزول أثرها فإزالتها بإزالة عينها ويكون ما بقي من الأثر عفواً، وإن كان كثيراً، وإنما اعتبرنا زوال العين، والأثر فيما يزول الأثر؛ لأن النجاسة كانت باعتبار العين والأثر، فيبقى ببقائهما ويزول بزوالهما

 

Fatawa Hindiyyah, Kitab Tahara, vol 1, p. 41

وَإِزَالَتُهَا إنْ كَانَتْ مَرْئِيَّةً بِإِزَالَةِ عَيْنِهَا وَأَثَرِهَا إنْ كَانَتْ شَيْئًا يَزُولُ أَثَرُهُ وَلَا يُعْتَبَرُ فِيهِ الْعَدَدُ. كَذَا فِي الْمُحِيطِ فَلَوْ زَالَتْ عَيْنُهَا بِمَرَّةٍ اكْتَفَى بِهَا وَلَوْ لَمْ تَزُلْ بِثَلَاثَةٍ تُغْسَلُ إلَى أَنْ تَزُولَ، كَذَا فِي السِّرَاجِيَّةِ. وَإِنْ كَانَتْ شَيْئًا لَا يَزُولُ أَثَرُهُ إلَّا بِمَشَقَّةٍ بِأَنْ يُحْتَاجَ فِي إزَالَتِهِ إلَى شَيْءٍ آخَرَ سِوَى الْمَاءِ كَالصَّابُونِ لَا يُكَلَّفُ بِإِزَالَتِهِ.

 

[2] Hidaya, Kitab Tahara, Vol 1, Pg 36

فإن كان بهما أذى فليمسحهما بالأرض فإن الأرض لهما طهور ” ولأن الجلد لصلابته لا تتداخله أجزاء النجاسة إلا قليلا ثم يجتذبه الجرم إذا جف فإذا زال زال ما قام به ” وفي الرطب لا يجوز حتى يغسله ” لأن المسح بالأرض يكثره ولا يطهره وعن أبي يوسف رحمه الله أنه إذا مسحه بالأرض حتى لم يبق أثر النجاسة يطهر لعموم البلوى وإطلاق ما يروى وعليه مشايخنا رحمهم الله ” فإن أصابه بول فيبس لم يجز حتى يغسله

 

 

Permanent Retainers and Ghusl

Permanent Retainers and Ghusl

6th July 2022

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: A person has permanent retainers fitted in. They had the option of the removable retainers but got these fitted in. The reason is so their teeth don’t move out of place. They are asking: 1) Does their wudhu and ghusl get done? 2) When they pass away, do they have to be taken out?

 

الجواب حامداً و مصلياً

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer: In reference to your query, the ruling of gargling the mouth differs in the Hanafi school for ghusl and wudhu. For ghusl it is a fardh to wash the entire mouth and for wudhu, a sunnah. Permanent retainers consist of a metal wire with a bonding composite used to attach the wire to the teeth, hence water can’t reach parts of the teeth. If the individual was advised by an orthodontist to get permanent retainers fitted in, then due to it being a necessity it is permissible. Wudhu and ghusl would be complete as the individual cannot remove the retainers without a lot of difficulty[1]. When the individual passes away, it is unlikely that these fitted retainers can be easily removed. Therefore, it is best to leave them in.[2] If they can be easily removed, then one should.

 

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

Written by: Graduate from Tākhāssus fil Fiqh course

 

 

[1] Maulana Khalid Saifullah Rahmani, Jadeed Fiqhi Masail, vol 1, p. 94

 

Fatawe Hindiyyah, Kitabu Taharat, vol 1, page 6

ﻭﺣﺪ اﻟﻤﻀﻤﻀﺔ اﺳﺘﻴﻌﺎﺏ اﻟﻤﺎء ﺟﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﻔﻢ ﻭﺣﺪ اﻻﺳﺘﻨﺸﺎﻕ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺼﻞ اﻟﻤﺎء ﺇﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﺎﺭﻥ. ﻛﺬا ﻓﻲ اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ.

 

[2] Durrul Mukhtār wa Hashiyah Ibn Ābideen Shāmi, Kitābul Hadhar wa Ibaha, vol 2, page 198

 (ﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ﺃﻱ ﻳﻜﺮﻩ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻤﺎ)

ﻟﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ اﻟﺘﺰﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻬﺎ ﻭاﻻﻣﺘﺸﺎﻁ ﻭﻗﻄﻊ اﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻻ ﻳﺠﻮﺯ ﻧﻬﺮ، ﻓﻠﻮ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻇﻔﺮﻩ ﺃﻭ ﺷﻌﺮﻩ ﺃﺩﺭﺝ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻜﻔﻦ ﻗﻬﺴﺘﺎﻧﻲ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻌﺘﺎﺑﻲ

 

 

 

 

Semen Exiting After Urinating

Semen Exiting After Urinating

16th May 2022

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: I have a question do you need to repeat the ghusl if residue of the actual semen comes out after urinating and not before?

 

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Answer: Thank for your query. In reference to your query, when a person becomes impure, he should thoroughly clean his private parts to ensure that any residue semen exits the body before commencing. In your case where semen has come out after urinating, then if ghusl has already been performed then repeating it would not be necessary.[1] Any Salah performed with wudhu in the interim of performing ghusl and using the bathroom, will not need to be repeated. Moreover, if you had used the bathroom, slept or walked for a short while before performing ghusl then repeating the ghusl will not be necessary.

 

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

 

Written by:  Mufti Anas Mullah        Reviewed by: Mufti Abdul Waheed

Attested by: Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam

 JKN Fatawa Department

 

 

[1] Fatawa Hindiyyah, Kitabut Taharah, vol 1, p

اغتسل من الجنابة قبل أن يبول أو ينام وصلى ثم خرج بقية المني فعليه أن يغتسل عندهما خلافا لأبي يوسف – رحمه الله تعالى – ولكن لا يعيد تلك الصلاة في قولهم جميعا. كذا في الذخيرة ولو خرج بعد ما بال أو نام أو مشى لا يجب عليه الغسل اتفاقا. كذا في التبيين

 

Dealing with Constant Urine Drops

Dealing with Constant Urine Drops

22nd September 2021

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: A friend of mine asked me this question: I have a urine incontinence and have been suffering for years. After urinating, urine drops falls after few minutes. This keeps going 15 to 30 min maximum. So I have seen some fatwas about wrapping the private part with clothes or tissue. But that isn’t really impossible because it happens every time I urinate. And changing tissue or cloth every single time is not possible for me. So, what I do is, when doing wudhu, I wash my private part with water and those areas of clothes where possibly urine drops have fallen. But even that is being very painful to do. Because my clothes are getting all wet every time I do wudhu and it takes 10 or 15 minutes to do wudu that way. Because sometimes when I am wiping with a cloth on certain spots, some water goes to my hips and then I had to wipe that also and so on. It really wasting my time and also, I am being uncomfortable with my wet pants. So, is it possible that I only wash my private parts only and not my clothes before wudhu? Because I don’t think that even when I wash it, it washes every area where urine might have gone, so please tell me can I wash just my private when doing wudu?

  

الجواب حامداً و مصلياً

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer: In reference to your query, urine incontinence is the medical term used for when the body releases urine unintentionally. In certain cases, this can be both stressful and urging.[1] We pray to Allah that you are granted shifaa from this ailment. Aameen.

It has not been made clear in your query whether your incontinence suffering affects your performance of Salāh or not. On that basis the ruling of ma’zoor – excused person – would not apply to you unless that is further clarified. The concession of wudhu applies only if the incontinence continues for the first time throughout an entire Salāh time leaving no possible time to complete your Salāh without the continuous dripping. [2] Your case is visiting the bathroom and cleaning your clothes. The ideal case would be to follow what you have read in previous fatawa of wrapping the private part in tissue or a cloth so that excess urine is absorbed by these instead of the underwear. No need to change nor wash your entire clothes and if any drops were to fall onto your clothes visible to you and less than a dirham quantity (50p or £2 coin),[3] then your Salāh will still be valid.[4] If the impurity does exceed the amount, then only that area must be washed. Nevertheless, wrapping your private part with a tissue paper or a cloth would be better and simply replace it each time you visit the bathroom. Washing the entire clothes as you have described is not necessary.

 

 

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

 

Written by:  Mufti Anas Mullah        Reviewed by: Mufti Abdul Waheed

Attested by: Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam

JKN Fatawa Department

 

[1] https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/urinary-incontinence/

[2] Fatawa Hindiyyah, kitaabut taharah, fasl fi ahkaamil haydhi wan nifaasi  vol 1, p 40

شرط ثبوت العذر ابتداء أن يستوعب استمراره وقت الصلاة كاملا وهو الأظهر كالانقطاع لا يثبت ما لم يستوعب الوقت كله حتى لو سال دمها في بعض وقت صلاة فتوضأت و صلت ثم خرج الوقت ودخل وقت صلاة أخرى وانقطع دمها فيه أعادت تلك الصلاة لعدم الاستيعاب.

 

Shaami, Kitaabut taharah, bab al haidh, matlabun fi ahkaam al ma’dhoor, vol 1, p305

وصاحب عذر من به سلس) بول لا يمكنه إمساكه (أو استطلاق بطن أو انفلات ريح أو استحاضة) أو بعينه رمد أو عمش أو غرب، وكذا كل ما يخرج بوجع ولو من أذن وثدي وسرة (إن استوعب عذره تمام وقت صلاة مفروضة)

 

[3] Fatawa Hindiyyah, kitab us salaat, bab fi shurootis salaat, fasl fit taharah, vol 1, p58

النجاسة إن كانت غليظة وهي أكثر من قدر الدرهم فغسلها فريضة والصلاة بها باطلة وإن كانت مقدار درهم فغسلها واجب والصلاة معها جائزة وإن كانت أقل من الدرهم فغسلها سنة وإن كانت خفيفة فإنها لا تمنع جواز الصلاة حتى تفحش. كذا في المضمرات.

[4] Nujaym, Ibn. Al bahr al Raaiq. vol 1 p239

قَوْلُهُ: وَعُفِيَ قَدْرُ الدِّرْهَمِ كَعَرْضِ الْكَفِّ مِنْ نَجَسٍ مُغَلَّظٍ كَالدَّمِ وَالْبَوْلِ وَالْخَمْرِ وَخُرْءِ الدَّجَاجِ وَبَوْلِ مَا لَا يُؤْكَلُ لَحْمُهُ وَالرَّوْثُ… وَمُرَادُهُ مِنْ الْعَفْوِ صِحَّةُ الصَّلَاةِ بِدُونِ إزَالَتِهِ لَا عَدَمُ الْكَرَاهَةِ لِمَا فِي السِّرَاجِ الْوَهَّاجِ وَغَيْرِهِ إنْ كَانَتْ النَّجَاسَةُ قَدْرَ الدِّرْهَمِ تُكْرَهُ الصَّلَاةُ مَعَهَا إجْمَاعًا، وَإِنْ كَانَتْ أَقَلَّ وَقَدْ دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ نُظِرَ إنْ كَانَ فِي الْوَقْتِ سَعَةٌ فَالْأَفْضَلُ إزَالَتُهَا وَاسْتِقْبَالُ الصَّلَاةِ، وَإِنْ كَانَتْ تَفُوتُهُ الْجَمَاعَةُ، فَإِنْ كَانَ يَجِدُ الْمَاءَ وَيَجِدُ جَمَاعَةً آخَرِينَ فِي مَوْضِعٍ آخَرَ فَكَذَلِكَ أَيْضًا لِيَكُونَ مُؤَدِّيًا لِلصَّلَاةِ الْجَائِزَةِ بِيَقِينٍ، وَإِنْ كَانَ فِي آخِرِ الْوَقْتِ أَوْ لَا يُدْرِكُ الْجَمَاعَةَ فِي مَوْضِعٍ آخَرَ يَمْضِي 

Baby Vomit; Pure or Impure?

Baby Vomit; Pure or Impure?

15th July 2021

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: If a three months year old child does sick on your clothes and body, do they become napaak? Will one have to wash clothes and body before praying?

 

الجواب حامداً و مصلياً

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer

In reference to the above question breast milk itself is pure. However, once it is consumed by the infant, reaches the stomach and then vomited then it depends on if the baby vomited a mouthful or not. If it was a mouthful vomit then it is impure.[1] This is due to the milk mixing with the other impure content juices inside the stomach that now renders the baby’s vomit major impurity (najasat ghaleezah). The ruling on major impurity is that if the mouthful of vomit soils the clothes or body equal or more than a dirham [50p or £2 coin] they then become necessary to wash.[2] If the baby vomited slightly (after reaching its stomach) less than a mouthful then it is overlooked and not deemed impure.[3]

Remember that the above ruling was only if the vomit reaches the baby’s stomach. If the milk came out due to a reflux reaction without reaching the stomach then this will not be classed as impure at all because it has not mixed with the impure content of the stomach.[4] Its smell can be a distinguishing factor in determining whether it is actual vomit or merely spitting the milk back out. The actual vomit displays a thicker texture with an odour smell unlike the milk that is spat out because of a reflux.[5]

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

Written by:  Apa Gul-e-Maryam         Reviewed by: Mufti Abdul Waheed

Attested by: Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam

JKN Fatawa Department

 

 

[1] Durrul Mukhtār wa hashiyah Ibn Ābideen Shāmi, Kitāb Tahārah, vol 1 p. 137-8

(وَ) يَنْقُضُهُ (قَيْءٌ مَلَأَ فَاهُ) بِأَنْ يُضْبَطَ بِتَكَلُّفٍ (مِنْ مِرَّةٍ) بِالْكَسْرِ: أَيْ صَفْرَاءَ (أَوْ عَلَقٍ) أَيْ سَوْدَاءَ؛ وَأَمَّا الْعَلَقُ النَّازِلُ مِنْ الرَّأْسِ فَغَيْرُ نَاقِضٍ (أَوْ طَعَامٌ أَوْ مَاءٌ) إذَا وَصَلَ إلَى مَعِدَتِهِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَقِرَّ، وَهُوَ نَجَسٌ مُغَلَّظٌ، وَلَوْ مِنْ صَبِيٍّ سَاعَةَ ارْتِضَاعِهِ، هُوَ الصَّحِيحُ لِمُخَالَطَةِ النَّجَاسَةِ، ذَكَرَهُ الْحَلَبِيُّ.

(قَوْلُهُ: ذَكَرَهُ الْحَلَبِيُّ) أَيْ فِي شَرْحِ الْمُنْيَةِ الْكَبِيرِ، حَيْثُ قَالَ: وَالصَّحِيحُ ظَاهِرُ الرِّوَايَةِ أَنَّهُ نَجَسٌ لِمُخَالَطَتِهِ النَّجَاسَةَ وَتَدَاخُلِهَا فِيهِ بِخِلَافِ الْبَلْغَمِ. اهـ.

 

[2] Fatawa Hindiyya, Kitab Taharah, vol 1, Pg 45

كُلُّ مَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بَدَنِ الْإِنْسَانِ مِمَّا يُوجِبُ خُرُوجُهُ الْوُضُوءَ أَوْ الْغُسْلَ فَهُوَ مُغَلَّظٌ كَالْغَائِطِ وَالْبَوْلِ وَالْمَنِيِّ وَالْمَذْيِ وَالْوَدْيِ وَالْقَيْحِ وَالصَّدِيدِ وَالْقَيْءِ إذَا مَلَأَ الْفَمَ

 الْمُغَلَّظَةُ وَعُفِيَ مِنْهَا قَدْرُ الدِّرْهَمِ وَاخْتَلَفَتْ الرِّوَايَاتُ فِيهِ وَالصَّحِيحُ أَنْ يُعْتَبَرَ بِالْوَزْنِ فِي النَّجَاسَةِ الْمُتَجَسِّدَةِ وَهُوَ أَنْ يَكُونَ وَزْنُهُ قَدْرَ الدِّرْهَمِ الْكَبِيرِ الْمِثْقَالِ وَبِالْمِسَاحَةِ فِي غَيْرِهَا وَهُوَ قَدْرُ عَرْضِ الْكَفِّ

 

[3] Durrul Mukhtār wa hashiyah Ibn Ābideen Shāmi, Kitāb Tahārah, Baab Anjas, vol 1, p 320

وَفِي الْفَتْحِ: صَبِيٌّ ارْتَضَعَ ثُمَّ قَاءَ فَأَصَابَ ثِيَابَ الْأُمِّ إنْ كَانَ مِلْءَ الْفَمِ فَنَجِسٌ، فَإِذَا زَادَ عَلَى قَدْرِ الدِّرْهَمِ مَنَعَ.

[4] Ibn Nujaym, Bahr Rāiq, Kitab Wudhu, vol 1, p 36

قَوْلُهُ:، وَلَوْ مُرَّةً أَوْ عَلَقًا أَوْ طَعَامًا أَوْ مَاءً) بَيَانٌ لِعَدَمِ الْفَرْقِ بَيْنَ أَنْوَاعِ الْقَيْءِ، وَالْعَلَقُ مَا اشْتَدَّتْ حُمْرَتُهُ وَجَمُدَ أُطْلِقَ فِي الطَّعَامِ وَالْمَاءِ قَالَ الْحَسَنُ إذَا تَنَاوَلَ طَعَامًا أَوْ مَاءً ثُمَّ قَاءَ مِنْ سَاعَتِهِ لَا يَنْقُضُ؛ لِأَنَّهُ طَاهِرٌ حَيْثُ لَمْ يَسْتَحِلْ وَإِنَّمَا اتَّصَلَ بِهِ قَلِيلُ الْقَيْءِ فَلَا يَكُونُ حَدَثًا فَلَا يَكُونُ نَجَسًا وَكَذَا الصَّبِيُّ إذَا ارْتَضَعَ وَقَاءَ مِنْ سَاعَتِهِ وَصَحَّحَهُ فِي الْمِعْرَاجِ وَغَيْرِهِ وَمَحَلُّ الِاخْتِلَافِ مَا إذَا وَصَلَ إلَى مَعِدَتِهِ وَلَمْ يَسْتَقِرَّ أَمَّا لَوْ قَاءَ قَبْلَ الْوُصُولِ إلَيْهَا، وَهُوَ فِي الْمَرِيءِ، فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَنْقُضُ اتِّفَاقًا كَمَا ذَكَرَهُ الزَّاهِدِيُّ وَفِي فَتْحِ الْقَدِيرِ

[5] See the links below

Reflux in babies – NHS (www.nhs.uk)

Baby Vomiting No Fever: Why This Happens and What to Do (healthline.com) [accessed 14th July 2021]

 

Impurity Drops Falling into a 180 Liters of Water Tank

Impurity Drops Falling into a 180 Liters of Water Tank

                13th May 2021

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: If one drop of urine or any najasah (solid/liquid) falls into bucket of water or about 180litres of water tank does it make whole water impure or not?

 

 الجواب حامداً و مصلياً

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer: In reference to your query, if a small amount of najash falls into a bucket of water or a water tank, the water will become impure in both scenarios. The mentioned amounts of water are regarded as ‘maa’ul qaleel’ within the books of jurisprudence which become impure regardless if it changed any of the water’s qualities or not.

 

 

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

 

Written by:  Mufti Anas Mullah        Reviewed by: Mufti Abdul Waheed

Attested by: Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam

JKN Fatawa Department

 

Removing Impurity from the Clothes

Removing Impurity from the Clothes

13th May 2021

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: What is the ruling on one dirham rule or palm size and small particles of impurity falls on clothes or on body? Is it considered as pure or not and is the Salāh valid or not? 

 

الجواب حامداً و مصلياً

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer: In reference to your query, one dirham quantity is used was used to determine the validity of the Salāh which is roughly equivalent to the size of one’s inner palm circle. If impurity remain on the clothes or body and Salāh is offered in such a condition, the Salāh itself is valid.[1] However, this does not mean that the impurity no longer needs to be washed off.[2] The Salāh being valid does not necessarily imply that the Salāh is not makruh in such a state. It should therefore be washed regardless of its quantity.

 

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

 

Written by:  Mufti Anas Mullah        Reviewed by: Mufti Abdul Waheed

Attested by: Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam

JKN Fatawa Department

 

 

[1] Nujaym, I., Al bahr al Raaiq. vol 1 p239

قَوْلُهُ: وَعُفِيَ قَدْرُ الدِّرْهَمِ كَعَرْضِ الْكَفِّ مِنْ نَجَسٍ مُغَلَّظٍ كَالدَّمِ وَالْبَوْلِ وَالْخَمْرِ وَخُرْءِ الدَّجَاجِ وَبَوْلِ مَا لَا يُؤْكَلُ لَحْمُهُ وَالرَّوْثُ… وَمُرَادُهُ مِنْ الْعَفْوِ صِحَّةُ الصَّلَاةِ بِدُونِ إزَالَتِهِ لَا عَدَمُ الْكَرَاهَةِ لِمَا فِي السِّرَاجِ الْوَهَّاجِ وَغَيْرِهِ إنْ كَانَتْ النَّجَاسَةُ قَدْرَ الدِّرْهَمِ تُكْرَهُ الصَّلَاةُ مَعَهَا إجْمَاعًا، وَإِنْ كَانَتْ أَقَلَّ وَقَدْ دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ نُظِرَ إنْ كَانَ فِي الْوَقْتِ سَعَةٌ فَالْأَفْضَلُ إزَالَتُهَا وَاسْتِقْبَالُ الصَّلَاةِ، وَإِنْ كَانَتْ تَفُوتُهُ الْجَمَاعَةُ، فَإِنْ كَانَ يَجِدُ الْمَاءَ وَيَجِدُ جَمَاعَةً آخَرِينَ فِي مَوْضِعٍ آخَرَ فَكَذَلِكَ أَيْضًا لِيَكُونَ مُؤَدِّيًا لِلصَّلَاةِ الْجَائِزَةِ بِيَقِينٍ، وَإِنْ كَانَ فِي آخِرِ الْوَقْتِ أَوْ لَا يُدْرِكُ الْجَمَاعَةَ فِي مَوْضِعٍ آخَرَ يَمْضِي

[2] Shaami, I., Raddul Muhtar Alad Durril Mukhtaar. vol 1 p316.

 

(قَوْلُهُ: وَعَفَا الشَّارِعُ) فِيهِ تَغْيِيرٌ لِلَفْظِ الْمَتْنِ؛ لِأَنَّهُ كَانَ مَبْنِيًّا لِلْمَجْهُولِ، لَكِنَّهُ قَصَدَ التَّنْبِيهَ عَلَى أَنَّ ذَلِكَ مَرْوِيٌّ لَا مَحْضُ قِيَاسٍ فَقَطْ.

قَالَ فِي شَرْحِ الْمُنْيَةِ: وَلَنَا أَنَّ الْقَلِيلَ عَفْوٌ إجْمَاعًا، إذْ الِاسْتِنْجَاءُ بِالْحَجَرِ كَافٍ بِالْإِجْمَاعِ وَهُوَ لَا يَسْتَأْصِلُ النَّجَاسَةَ، وَالتَّقْدِيرُ بِالدِّرْهَمِ مَرْوِيٌّ عَنْ عُمَرَ وَعَلِيٍّ وَابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، وَهُوَ مِمَّا لَا يُعْرَفُ بِالرَّأْيِ فَيُحْمَلُ عَلَى السَّمَاعِ. اه

 

Do I Qualify as a Ma’dhoor in this Situation?

Do I Qualify as a Ma’dhoor in this Situation?

13th May 2021

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: I have a problem with continuously passing gas, however every single source I’ve checked in regard to qualifying as a ma’dhoor states that it should be as excessive to the point I cannot perform a fardh Salah without my wudhu being invalidated. The passing of gas is random, and mostly I am able to keep my wudhu and pray my fardh Salah but not enough for the sunnah muakkidah or witr salah sometimes as I’m having to perform wudhu twice. Do I qualify as a ma’dhoor? Am I sinful for leaving out the sunnah mu’akkadah?

 

 الجواب حامداً و مصلياً

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer: In reference to your query, the books of fiqh define a ma’dhoor person to be one having such an ailment which encompasses the complete time of one full salah wherein it is almost impossible to preform wudhu and perform salah. [1] As explained in your question, this is not quite the case in your circumstance as you are at least able to perform the faraa’idh of the salah without the excuse occurring. Due to this, your condition will not class you as a ma’dhoor.[2] It may be a good idea to perform your sunnah mu’akkadah earlier with one wudhu and then your fardh later with a new wudhu or vice versa depending on the order of the sunan and fardh.

 

 

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

 

Written by:  Mufti Anas Mullah        Reviewed by: Mufti Abdul Waheed

Attested by: Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam

JKN Fatawa Department

 

 

[1] Fatawa Hindiyya, kitabut Taharah, Fasl fid dimaa al mukhtassah bin nisaa.vol 1 p41

شرط ثبوت العذر ابتداء أن يستوعب استمراره وقت الصلاة كاملا وهو الأظهر كالانقطاع لا يثبت ما لم يستوعب الوقت كله حتى لو سال دمها في بعض وقت صلاة فتوضأت وصلت ثم خرج الوقت ودخل وقت صلاة أخرى وانقطع دمها فيه أعادت تلك الصلاة لعدم الاستيعاب.

وإن لم ينقطع في وقت الصلاة الثانية حتى خرج لا تعيدها لوجود استيعاب الوقت.

وشرط بقائه أن لا يمضي عليه وقت فرض إلا والحدث الذي ابتلي به يوجد فيه هكذا في التبيين

 

[2] Shaami, I., Raddul Muhtar Alad Durril Mukhtaar. Kitab al Taharah, Bab al haydh, Matlab fi ahkaam al ma’dhoor vol 1 p305.

 (قوله: ولو حكما) أي: ولو كان الاستيعاب حكما بأن انقطع العذر في زمن يسير لا يمكنه فيه الوضوء والصلاة فلا يشترط الاستيعاب الحقيقي في حق الابتداء كما حققه في الفتح والدرر، خلافا لما فهمه الزيلعي كما بسطه في البحر، قال الرحمتي: ثم هل يشترط أن لا يمكنا مع سننهما أو الاقتصار على فرضهما؟ يراجع. اهـ.أقول: الظاهر الثاني، تأمل. (قوله: في حق الابتداء) أي: في حق ثبوته ابتداء (قوله: في جزء من الوقت) أي: من كل وقت بعد ذلك الاستيعاب إمداد (قوله: ولو مرة) أي: ليعلم بها بقاؤه إمداد (قوله:

وفي حق الزوال) أي: زوال العذر، وخروج صاحبه عن كونه معذورا

 

Washing Impure Clothes in a Washing Machine

Washing Impure Clothes in a Washing Machine

4th February 2021

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: Does automatic washing machine purify clothes and can we mix pure and impure clothes? If not then how we can wash najas from the clothes? Can we add detergent in machine?

الجواب حامداً و مصلياً

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Answer: In reference to your query, a washing machine uses both water and detergent to wash dirt out of clothes. Clothes are usually filled into the main compartment with detergent and washing powder in their respective trays. Once set, the water valves are opened to allow the water and powder/detergent to mix within the clothes. The detergent pulls away the dirt from the clothes and is then drained out. Fresh water is then poured into the machine again and spun at fast speeds and drained out multiple times to wash out the detergent from the clothes.[1]

Ideally it is best to wash impure clothes before mixing them with pure, soiled clothes before mixing in a washing machine but, if this is not done then due to the way the machine operates in that water and other detergents are used, the clothes will all be regarded as pure because the impurity is removed by the end of the wash cycle and water is exchanged within the wash cycle multiple times. Thus, mixing pure with impure clothes would not be an issue at all. [2]

 

 

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

 

Written by:  Mufti Anas Mullah        Reviewed by: Mufti Abdul Waheed

Attested by: Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam

JKN Fatawa Department

 

 

[1]  Woodford, C., 2020. [online] Available at: <https://www.explainthatstuff.com/washingmachine.html> [Accessed 20 January 2021].

[2] Ibn Abideen Shaami, Raddul Muhtar Alad Durril Mukhtaar. Kitab Taharah, Bab al-Anjas, vol 1 p309.

وبكل مائع طاهر قالع) للنجاسة ينعصر بالعصر (كخل وماء ورد) حتى الريق

قوله: بماء) يستثنى منه الماء المشكوك على أحد القولين كما مر في الأسآر. (قوله: به يفتى) أي: خلافا لمحمد؛ لأنه لا يجيز إزالة النجاسة الحقيقية إلا بالماء المطلق بحر، لكن فيه أنهم ذكروا أن الطهارة بانقلاب العين قول محمد تأمل. (قوله: وبكل مائع) أي: سائل، فخرج الجامد كالثلج قبل ذوبه أفاده ط. [تنبيه]

Ibnul Humam, K., Fathul Qadeer. Kitab Taharah, Bab al-Anjas, vol 1 p192.

)ويجوز تطهيرها بالماء وبكل مانع طاهر يمكن إزالتها به كالخل وماء الورد ونحوه مما إذا عصر انعصر) 

 

Kasani, A., Badaai’us Sanaa’i. Kitab Taharah, Bab al-Anjas, vol 1 p88

وَإِنْ كَانَتْ النَّجَاسَةُ مَرْئِيَّةً كَالدَّمِ وَنَحْوِهِ، فَطَهَارَتُهَا زَوَالُ عَيْنِهَا، وَلَا عِبْرَةَ فِيهِ بِالْعَدَدِ؛ لِأَنَّ النَّجَاسَةَ فِي الْعَيْنِ فَإِنْ زَالَتْ الْعَيْنُ زَالَتْ النَّجَاسَةُ،

 

Shaami, I., Raddul Muhtar Alad Durril Mukhtaar. Kitab Taharah, Bab al-Anjas, vol 1 p333

(قوله: في إجانة) بالكسر والتشديد: إناء تغسل فيه الثياب والجمع أجاجين مصباح أي: إن هذا المذكور إنما هو إذا غسل ثلاثا في إجانة واحدة أو في ثلاث إجانات. قال في الإمداد: والمياه الثلاثة متفاوتة في النجاسة، فالأولى يطهر ما أصابته بالغسل ثلاثا، والثانية بثنتين والثالثة بواحدة، وكذا الأواني الثلاثة التي غسل فيها واحدة بعد واحدة، وقيل يطهر الإناء الثالث بمجرد الإراقة والثاني بواحدة، والأول بثنتين اهـ.

بقي لو غسل في إجانة واحدة قال في الفيض: تغسل الإجانة بعد الثلاث مرة اهـ وشمل كلامه ما لو غسل العضو في الإجانة فإنه يطهر عندهما. وقال أبو يوسف: لا يطهر ما لم يصب عليه الماء، وعلى هذا الخلاف لو أدخله في حباب الماء ولو في خوابي خل يخرج من الثالثة طاهرا عند أبي حنيفة؛ خلافا لهما، لاشتراط محمد في غسل النجاسة الماء، واشتراط أبي يوسف الصب بدائع

 

 

 

 

Constant Doubts about Impurity

Constant Doubts about Impurity

23rd December 2020

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Question: I am very confused and worried about the purity of my house from impurities due to my child who is 3 years old. She sometimes leaks her pamper in the middle of the night and when I change her trouser her feet get touched by the wet trouser. And when she wakes up in the morning, she walks with those feet that are dry from urine. Sometimes the floor is a bit moist because the air conditioner is on. Also while I change her diaper, my hand touches her diaper (sometimes the urine) and also her legs with those wet hands, and when I make her sit on the toilet to wash her, when she gets up the water trickles to her legs (where I touch while changing the diaper and the urine gets transferred a bit) and that water moves to the floor, making the floor impure. At this moment i doing see any trace of any urine in the house (no smell, colour or taste), maybe it has dried up or something. I don’t understand whether these are waswasah or genuine concerns. Kindly help me in this matter and if I have to purify the house then how.

 

الجواب حامداً و مصلياً

In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

 

Answer

In reference to your query impurity is determined by the presence of colour or strong smell of the stain. When its smell, colour or stain is no longer present then that is the sign that the stain itself has been removed.[1] However, where there is no physical body of impurity, the eye can see and an individual has tried to remove any remaining najasat, then the rest which may be still present (smell, stain) will be forgiven.[2] Even if an individual has doubt whether the carpet was stained or not as, certainty will always override the doubt and it will be treated as pure. A person is not required to over contemplate over the matter.

In your case with regards to dried up urine then it is essential to wash that particular area only if the stain is visible or if not but you are certain that there is urine stain.[3] There is no need to purify the entire house when the urine has not touched any other surface. As for the child’s feet touching wet urine then they become impure and must be washed,[4] but if the child walks with wet feet then there is no need to worry about the carpet being soiled unless the stains are clearly visible to you.

A final note to your query is that waswasas regarding impurity and purity can constantly allow a person to have second guesses in matters. It is important to firmly fix a ruling on the matter e.g. this is pure or impure based on the above guidance and move forward from that decision without hesitation. Rulings are never based on intrusive thoughts, rather on what is apparent to us.

 

[Allāh Knows Best]

 

 

Written by:  Apa Gul-e-Maryam         Reviewed by: Mufti Abdul Waheed

Attested by: Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam

JKN Fatawa Department

 

 

[1] Muheet Al Burhani, Kitab Tahara,Vol 1, Pg 195-196

يجب أن تعلم أن إزالة النجاسة واجبة، قال الله تعالى: {والرجز فاهجر} (المدثر: 5) وقال تعالى: {وثيابك فطهر} (المدثر: 4) وإزالتها إن كانت مرئية بإزالة عينها وأثرها إن كانت شيئا يزول أثرها ولا يعتبر فيه العدد، وإن كان شيئا لا يزول أثرها فإزالتها بإزالة عينها ويكون ما بقي من الأثر عفوا، وإن كان كثيرا، وإنما اعتبرنا زوال العين، والأثر فيما  يزول

الأثر؛ لأن النجاسة كانت باعتبار العين والأثر، فيبقى ببقائهما ويزول بزوالهما، وإنما لم يعتبر زوال الأثر فيما لا يزول أثرها لما روي عن رسول الله عليه السلام «أنه قال لخولة حين سألته عن دم الحيض: اغسليه ولا يضرك أثره» ، والمعنى في ذلك الحرج.

 

[2] Fatawa Hindiyya, Vol 1, Pg 41-42

هكذا في الزاهدي وإزالتها إن كانت مرئية بإزالة عينها وأثرها إن كانت شيئا يزول أثره ولا يعتبر فيه العدد. كذا في المحيط فلو زالت عينها بمرة اكتفى بها ولو لم تزل بثلاثة تغسل إلى أن تزول، كذا في السراجية.

وإن كانت شيئا لا يزول أثره إلا بمشقة بأن يحتاج في إزالته إلى شيء آخر سوى الماء كالصابون لا يكلف بإزالته. هكذا في التبيين وكذا لا يكلف بالماء المغلي بالنار. هكذا في السراج الوهاج

 

[3] Hidaya, Kitab Tahara, Vol 1, Pg 36

(إنْ أَصَابَهُ بَوْلٌ فَيَبِسَ لَمْ يَجُزْ حَتَّى يَغْسِلَهُ) وَكَذَا كُلُّ مَا لَا جِرْمَ لَهُ كَالْخَمْرِ لِأَنَّ الْأَجْزَاءَ تَتَشَرَّبُ فِيهِ وَلَا جَاذِبَ يَجْذِبُهَا

 

[4] Ikhtiyaar Li Ta’leel Mukhtyar, Vol 1, Pg 32

   قال: (و) كذلك بول (الصغير والصغيرة أكلا أو لا)لما روينا من غير فصل، وما روي من نضح بول الصبي إذا لم يأكل، فالنضح يذكر بمعنى الغسل. «قال – عليه الصلاة والسلام – لما سئل عن المذي: ” انضح فرجك بالماء» ، أي اغسله، فيحمل عليه توفيقا.