7th February 2014
السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته
Question: My mother passed away and has left £3000. She has left behind my father (her husband) 3 daughter and 2 sons. Kindly inform us the Islamic share of each of the beneficiaries. And what is to be done with her clothes or other personal items she has left behind?
الجواب حامداً و مصلياً
In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
In reference to your case scenario, if the above amount remained in her asset after fulfilling all funeral expenses, clearing all outstanding debts and execution of one-third of the will (if she made one that is), then her estate will be divided according to the Islamic principles in the following manner;
- Eligibility of the share is,
Husband: will receive ¼ of the share
Sons and Daughters: Each son will receive double the share of a daughter
- Calculation of the Share
The money estate your mother left behind i.e. £3000 will be divided by 28 shares.
£3000 divided by 28 (shares) = £107.142 please view the following table
|Husband||(1/4) 7||£107.142 x 7 =||£749,994|
|Daughter 1||3||£107.142 x 3 =||£321.426|
|Daughter 2||3||£107.142 x3 =||£321.426|
|Daughter 3||3||£107.142 x3 =||£321.426|
|Son 1||6||£107.142 x 6 =||£642.852|
|Son 2||6||£107.142 x 6 =||£642.852|
|Total shares||28||Total in money||£3,000|
In regards to her personal belongings i.e. clothes, they will also be included in the estate and distributed. This can be done by selling the items and then to include them as part of the estate and distributed according to the above principle. Alternatively, you can give them all away into charity to benefit the poor and destitute people, but only after obtaining consent from all of her legal beneficiaries.
[Allãh Knows Best]
Written by (Mufti) Abdul Waheed
Answer Attested by Shaykh Mufti Saiful Islam
JKN Fatawa Department